The air transport industry plays a major role in world economic activities. One of the key elements in maintaining the vitality of civil aviation, is to ensure safe, secure, efficient and environmentally sustainable operations at the global, regional and national levels.
ICAO is constantly striving, in close collaboration with the entire air transport stakeholders, to further improve aviation’s successful safety performance while maintaining a high level of capacity and efficiency. This is achieved through:
- The development of global strategies contained in the Global Aviation Safety Plan and the Global Air Navigation Plan;
- The development and maintenance of Standards, Recommended Practices and Procedures applicable to international civil aviation activities which are contained in 16 Annexes and 4 PANS (Procedures for Air Navigation Services). These standards are complemented by more than 50 Manuals and Circulars which are providing guidance on their implementation.
- The monitoring of safety trends and indicators. ICAO audits the implementation of its Standard, Recommended Practices and Procedures through its Universal Safety Oversight Audit Programme. It has also developed sophisticated tools to collects and analyse a vast array of safety data which allows to identify existing and emerging risks
- The implementation of targeted safety programmes to address safety and infrastructure deficiencies; and an effective response to disruption of the aviation system created by natural disasters, conflicts or other causes.
In all of its coordinated safety activities, ICAO strives to achieve a balance between assessed risk and the requirements of practical, achievable and effective risk mitigation strategies.
ICAO sets the Standards and Recommended Practices (SARPs) necessary for aviation safety, security, efficiency and environmental protection on a global basis, serving as the primary forum for co-operation in all fields of civil aviation among its 191 Member States.