The air transport industry is not only a vital engine of global socio-economic growth, but it is also of vital importance as a catalyst for economic development. Not only does the industry create direct and indirect employment and support tourism and local businesses, but it also stimulates foreign investment and international trade.
Informed decision-making is the foundation upon which successful businesses are built. In a fast-growing industry like aviation, planners and investors require the most comprehensive, up-to-date, and reliable data. ICAO’s aviation data/statistics programme provides accurate, reliable and consistent aviation data so that States, international organizations, aviation industry, tourism and other stakeholders can:
- make better projections;
- control costs and risks;
- improve business valuations; and
- benchmark performance.
The UN recognized ICAO as the central agency responsible for the collection, analysis, publication, standardization, improvement and dissemination of statistics pertaining to civil aviation. Because of its status as a UN specialized agency, ICAO remains independent from outside influences and is committed to consistently offering comprehensive and objective data. Every month ICAO produces this Air Transport Monitor, a monthly snapshot and analysis of the economic and aviation indicators.
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT – January 2020
World Results and Analyses for November 2020
Total Scheduled Services (Domestic and International)
Revenue Passenger-Kilometres – RPK
World passenger traffic grew by +3.3% YoY in November 2019, -0.1 percentage point lower than the growth in the previous month. Three regions posted a slowdown with Europe experiencing the most significant deceleration becoming the weakest performing region. The Middle East continued to show acceleration and remained as the fastest-growing region. Domestic traffic in India picked up sharply and regained double-digit growth, followed by relatively moderate increases in China and Japan.
International Traffic vs. Tourist Arrivals
International passenger traffic grew by +3.1% YoY in November 2019, -0.1 percentage point lower than the growth in the previous month. The Middle East recorded the strongest growth and remained as the fastest-growing region. By contrast, traffic growth in Latin America/Caribbean further deteriorated and continued to be the only region with contraction. The growth of international tourist arrivals* remained relatively stable.
Available Seat-Kilometres – ASK
Capacity worldwide increased by +1.8% YoY in November 2019, – 0.4 percentage point lower than the growth in the previous month (+2.2%). According to the airline schedules, capacity expansion is expected to be up to +3.2% in December 2019.
Load Factor – LF
The passenger Load Factor reached 81.1% in November 2019, -0.9 percentage point lower than the previous month. As traffic growth outpaced the capacity expansion, the November LF was +1.1 percentage point higher compared to the rate in the same period of 2018.
Freight Tonne-Kilometres – FTK
World freight traffic reported a decline of -1.1% YoY in November 2019, +2.4 percentage points higher than the growth in the previous month. Although freight traffic growth remained negative, this was by far the smallest deficit in the last eight months. This modest improvement may be owing to the seasonally busy e-commerce sales events such as Black Friday. On a regional basis, Africa remained as the major contributor to the improvement with its brisk double-digit growth. Another contribution came from Europe which rebounded to positive growth. All the other regions continued to post declines with Asia/Pacific being the weakest performing region accounting largely for the overall decline.
In terms of aircraft departures, the Top 15 airports reported a growth of +1.2% YoY. Eight out of the Top 15 airports posted YoY increases. Chicago ranked 1st with a modest growth of +3.1%. The strongest growth in operations was recorded by Dallas/Fort Worth at +8.9%, followed by New Delhi at +7.0%.
In terms of passengers, the Top 15 airports reported a growth of +1.8% YoY. Eleven out of the Top 15 airports posted YoY increases. Atlanta remained at 1st, albeit with a decline of –2.3% . New Delhi recorded the most significant growth at +12.9%. Decline was observed in major hubs in Asia/Pacific and North America with Tokyo contracting the most by -5.0%.
In terms of freight, the Top 15 airports reported a decline of -3.5% YoY. Freight traffic remained weak with over half of the Top 15 airports posting declines. Shanghai, at 3rd position, reported the highest growth of +8.2%, followed by Doha and Tokyo at +5.5% and +4.0%, respectively. The most notable decrease was posted by Miami at -9.0%, followed by Los Angeles at -7.5%.
November 2019: +4.9% YoY in terms of RPK for the Top 15
In terms of RPK, the Top 15 airline groups accounted for 49.2% of the world’s total RPK in November 2019 and grew by +4.9% YoY. This growth was +1.6 percentage points higher than the world’s average on scheduled services. All the Top 15 airline groups posted YoY growth except for a decline in Southwest.
United ranked 1st with moderate growth of +3.2%, followed closely by American which grew by +3.0% and elevated 1 position to the 2nd. Delta dropped 1 position to the 3rd and grew marginally by +1.8%. Southwest decreased by -2.4% while remained at 11th.
Emirates went up 3 positions to 4th with a growth of +4.6%. Qatar Airways recorded the fastest growth among the Top 15 at +20.3% and was up 1 position to 12th.
AF-KLM rose by +3.5% and maintained its position at 5th growing. With a modest increase of +1.3%. Lufthansa dropped 4 positions to 8th. IAG grew at +4.9% and dropped 1 position to 7th. Ryanair grew at the same pace of +5.0% as in the previous month and dropped 1 position to 13th. Turkish Airlines recorded a relatively strong growth of +8.7%, however, descended to 15th.
China Southern ascended 2 positions to 6th and grew solidly at +8.5%. Air China and China Eastern dropped 1 position to 9th and 10th and grew by +4.9% and +10.8%, respectively. Singapore Airlines grew by 8.3% and ranked 14th.
Worldwide capacity expansion eased to its slowest pace of the year at +1.8% YoY in November 2019. The overall slowdown was attributed to the deceleration in Africa, Europe and the Middle East, with the latter two regions posting YoY decline in capacity expansion. North America became the fastest expanding region followed closely by Asia/Pacific. On the year-to-date basis, Asia/Pacific and Africa were the fastest expanding regions.
Acronyms: ACI: Airports Council International; ASK: Available Seat-Kilometres; IATA: International Air Transport Association; FTK: Freight Tonne-Kilometres; LF: Passenger Load Factor;
OAG: Official Airline Guide; RPK: Revenue Passenger-Kilometres; UNWTO: World Tourism Organization; YoY: Year-on-year; YTD: Year-to-date.