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Prior to the pandemic, Indonesia was one of the fastest-growing air travel markets and was expected to be the fourth-largest air travel market in the world by 2030, according to lATA. The country has 217 domestic and 34 international airports with 3,600+ daily movements as reported by ICAO in August 2018. There are 407 domestic mutes connecting 137 cities within the country and 150 international routes connecting 66 cities in 26 countries. To meet the demand of their anticipated growth, the government is considering opening five new airports
According to ICAO’s preliminary compilation of annual global statistics, the total number of passengers carried on scheduled services rose to 4.5 billion in 2019, which was 3.6 per cent higher than the previous year, while the number of departures reached 38.3 million in 2019, a 1.7 per cent increase.
Indonesia has numerous tourism destinations and coastal settlements. According to the World Bank, Indonesia's ocean resources are worth over USD256 billion annually. Aviation-supported tourism provides economic benefits in local tourism, providing employment opportunities for women and youth participation in remote areas.
In addition to providing recreational access and evacuation in emergencies, seaplanes are an optimal mode of transportation for States with geographical isolation. International provisions are required to further improve safety and encourage a strong civil aviation sector that can promote and sustain social and economic progress through responsible tourism and that depend heavily on water aerodrome operations. Seaplanes have multi-purpose roles, including fire fighting in large inaccessible forests, as well as ocean search and rescue.
It is far easier and more cost effective to build an amphibian port (shore facilities for amphibious aircraft) or install ramps for docking when compared to conventional airports. Several lakes and large rivers, bays and sea are available for this kind of operation and facilitate medical and other services to isolated villages.
In 2017, an ICAO Universal Safety Oversight Audit Programme (USOAP) Continuous Monitoring Approach (CMA) audit was conducted on Indonesia. The ICAO Coordinated Validation Mission (ICVM) for this audit awarded Indonesia an effective implementation (EI) measure of 80.14 per cent, which exceeded the GASP 2020-2022 target. A Council President Certificate (CPC) was awarded to recognize this achievement.
• Indonesia participated in the Distributed Multi-Nodal ATFM Network Project as Node Level 2 on August 2015 which involved three airports (Soekarno-Hatta Airport of Jakarta, Juanda Airport of Surabaya, and I Gusti Ngurah Rai Airport of Denpasar) ensuring the compliance of the tactical ATFM measures to disseminate by Node Level 3 during the periods of constraints;
• Indonesia implemented a collaborative decision-making mechanism and information model to manage and to mitigate volcanic eruptions to ensure safe flight operations. Any State can adopt this Integrated Web-based Information System (I-WISH) to monitor volcanic ash movements.
• Indonesia is in compliance with the Seamless ANS Plan in the Asia Pasific Region, including its ATM performance framework within 11 key performance elements in civil military cooperation by implementing the Flexible Use of Airspace (FUA) 2nd is currently in the progress of implementing the Advanced Flexible Use of Airspace (AFUA).
• Indonesia's commitment to aviation security is proven by its USAP EI, which is higher than the GASeP EI target, and its active contributions to ICAO aviation security programmes and other international institutions.
• Indonesia has assigned qualified personnel to participate as ICAO certified inspectors and instructors in the ICAO USAP CMA and various aviation security courses. In addition, Indonesia is also an Official Member of the Regional Aviation Security Committee (RASC).
• Many Indonesian airports are being recognized by international awards, among others, the Ahmad Yani International Airport which was awarded with Airport Excellence in Security in 2019 and the Soekarno-Hatta International Airport with Airport Health Accreditation (AHA) by ACI.
• Indonesia has actively participated in regional programmes, such as the Cooperative Aviation Security Role in Asia PacificASP-AP to enhance the aviation security within the region as well as hosted and chaired the 7th CASP-AP Steering Committee Meeting in Bali in 2010.
• Indonesia has been a member of the Committee on Aviation Environmental Protection (CAEP) since 2016 and has been actively participating in its working groups (Fuels Task Group (FTG), Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA), and other working groups under the framework;
• Indonesia became a member of the Sustainability Certification Schemes Evaluation Group (SCSEG);
• Indonesia is actively involved in environmental protection efforts with an assigned expert serving as a Regional Officer for Environment and Climate Change in ICAO’s Regional Office in Bangkok.
• Indonesia has voluntarily joined CORSIA initiatives and has acted as the facilitator in several CORSIA workshops.
• Airports in Indonesia have implemented the application of renewable sources of energy in line with the National Action Plan to reduce Green House Gases (GHG). Solar-cell systems have been installed at 47 airports throughout Indonesia. The country is currently in the process of implementing wind and hydro energy at five international and five domestic airports.
To ensure a competent workforce delivers a safe and efficient air transportation system, Indonesia carries out competency-based training and assessments. All aviation personnel must undergo comprehensive technical training that provides the required knowledge and skillsets. Indonesia’s aim is to become a Training Center of Excellence (TCE) in the Asia Pacific Region by 2021.
The Government of Indonesia places great emphasis on human resources training in its civil aviation national training programme. The DGCA Indonesia provides mandatory and supplementary training for its inspectors and officers in accordance with ICAO guidance and international and national standards. Indonesia offers training fellowships to participants every year and participates in the ICAO Developing Countries Training Programme annually, which includes the Training Manager, State Safety Programme, Aerodrome Certification, Airport Planning, Aircraft Accident Investigation, Airspace Management, Safety Management System, Ramp Safety Awareness, and Flight Operation Inspector courses. Moving forward, Indonesia hopes to contribute to ICAO technical and non-technical programmes.
The required specialized aviation training is provided by 157 lecturers from seven training institutes (PPI Curug, POLTEKBANG Surabaya, POLTEKBANG Makassar, POLTEKBANG Medan, POLTEKBANG Jayapura, API Banyuwangi and BP3 Curug). They deliver specific approved training programmes to aviation personnel for licensing purposes. The many other training areas provided include management, financial management, electrical engineering, mechanical engineering, computer and network engineering, aerospace engineering, air transportation, rescue and firefighting, search and rescue, aviation maintenance/airworthiness, air traffic control, air traffic management, airport management and other relevant technical subjects.
As part of its aviation innovation activities, and to address internal needs, Indonesia has designed and manufactured a seaplane with a land version, designated the N219.