Slide The Challenge Loon is helping to overcome these challenges and drive toward a key part of the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goal 9: universal and affordable internet access. Partnering with mobile network operators, Loon extends their LTE service to areas where remoteness, topography, or cost makes it infeasible to deploy traditional, terrestrial networks.

By redesigning the essential components of a cell tower so they can be carried by a balloon 20 kilometres above earth, Loon extends the coverage area of mobile network ground-based systems, making it more viable to cover areas that are unserved or underserved by existing solutions. Loon also helps mobile service operators provide basic internet connectivity after natural disasters and disaster preparedness services to help them expeditiously reconnect affected populations.
Loon’s mission is to help connect billions of people around the world who lack internet access and are underserved by existing ground-based solutions. Larger areas with lower population density often present an infrastructure challenge for traditional connectivity solutions due to feasibility and economic constraints. Suburban and rural areas are most often impacted by the lack of network infrastructure. LOON's Solution By redesigning the essential components of a cell tower on a balloon 20 kilometres above earth, Loon extends the coverage area of mobile network ground-based systems. Loon balloon’s high altitude allows for a wide coverage area.

A key component in the Loon solution involves the use of ground stations, which connect to existing infrastructures often hundreds of kilometers apart from the service area. A wireless internet signal is transmitted up to the nearest balloon from the ground. That signal is relayed across the Loon balloon network, creating a mesh network in the stratosphere. The internet signal is then beamed directly to LTE-enabled devices on the ground.

Once a balloon is ready for descent, final descent commands can be sent from Loon Mission Control at any time using satellite communications. We coordinate with the local air navigation service providers to ensure a safe landing in areas of low population density. Recovery teams are then dispatched to the location to collect the Loon balloon for analysis and recycling.
HOW LOON MAKES IT HAPPEN Achievements Loon is reliant on support from local and regional aviation and telecommunications regulators in order to deliver its connectivity service. Specifically, Loon balloons require overflight permissions to operate in national airspace, as codified in ICAO Annex 2, Appendix 5. The balloons safely overfly FIRs well above typical commercial flight levels with no interference to local traffic. While Loon balloons are equipped with the most up-to-date transponder and GPS systems, Loon also provides air navigation service providers with 24/7 coverage of its balloons via a dedicated website, including balloon flight details (coordinates, altitude, flight path, etc). In addition, cross-border coordination of spectrum and access to high capacity links are also managed by local regulators, the mobile service provider, and Loon regulatory and technical staff.

On a global scale, Loon is working with other industry leaders in ICAO, the HAPS Alliance, ICCAIA, GSMA, and other organizations in areas to create industry guidance and regulations that ensure uniformity and safety while making it easier for mobile network operators to adopt the Loon connectivity solution.

Working together on global standards and local regulations, Loon can deliver much needed connectivity services to those unserved or underserved around the world.
PARTNERSHIP WITH REGULATORS LOON IN 500 WORDS New Layer loon.com Watch Loon's Extended Connectivtiy Channel on ICAOTV